The late date (1270BC) was chosen due to the length of Ramses’ reign (one of two pharaohs that ruled for over 40 years – the time Moses was in wilderness exile) and evidence of battles in Palestine dating to ~1230BC (Joshua’s conquest after the wilderness wandering). states the Exodus took place 480 years before the construction of Solomon’s temple began.
However, the late-date Exodus allows only 180 years for Joshua and the Judges, while the early-date Exodus, allows 356 years. (Some scholars spiritualize this to mean 12 tribes x 40 years of trials.
With the 13th century dating of the Exodus, settlement of Canaan by the Israelites occurs in the 12th century B.
For many years the date of the date of the Exodus has been disputed and the issue has become a major discussion in the realms of Old Testament debate as some feel that issues such as biblical historicity rest upon the matter.
It was motivated by certain archaeological data in Israel, which looked more suitable to the Conquest, down around 1200 B. Acts -20 reads: For some forty years he bore with their conduct in the desert.
An early date in the 15th century around 1450 BCE and a late date in the 13th century around 1270 BCE. It would be fair to say that the main motivation for those who support an early date is the defence of this text which states: As we know that this temple was built in 966 BCE going back a further 480 years before that gives us an Exodus date of 1444 BCE. Thus, the biblical stipulation of 480 years from the Exodus to Solomon given in 1 Kings 6:1 conflicts with the greater than 600 year total for this same time period which one can calculate from chronological data given elsewhere in the Bible. This already totals 570 years, though it does not include the time during which Joshua led Israel, nor the career of Samuel, and these two periods of time, while not specified biblically, must certainly total to something greater than 30 years (they probably total close to 80 years in fact).Others say all the proof that is needed is in the Bible.While there will always be skeptics, most assume there was some basis in historical/archaeological fact.This lets them use the 1270 BC date.) Thutmose III’s 60 year reign makes him an ideal candidate as the pharaoh of the oppression, and his son Amenhotep II as the pharaoh of the Exodus. In , Jephthah states that the Israelites had possession of the land for some 300 years.